Common Problems

The field of Orthodontics is all about problem solving. If you are experiencing a problem with your smile, whether it be a tooth irregularity or a disproportionate jaw bite (often referred to as malocclusions), orthodontic treatment might be necessary to straighten your teeth, improve your bite, and unlock your “smile potential.” It is best to diagnose any problems as early as possible, as they can potentially lead to a difficulty in speech, subsiding of protective tooth enamel, discoloration, and, in rare cases, an increased chance of injury to teeth and the joints within the jaw.


With an underbite, a patient’s lower jaw will extend forward beyond the upper jaw, causing the bottom teeth to sit akwardly, and often uncomfortably, in front of the upper row of teeth.


Spacing is when teeth begin to show an unnatural amount of space between each other.


A protrusion occurs either when a patient’s upper teeth extend unnaturally too far forward within the mouth or the lower set of teeth do not extend far enough. Protrusion can be both a cosmetic and functional problem, as biting and chewing can be impacted.


When teeth do not have enough space to naturally push through the gums, crowding can occur. Although harsh crowding can cause a need for tooth removal, most often a patient’s crowding can be corrected with proper orthodontic treatment.


When the upper row of teeth sit within the lower teeth when biting, a patient has a crossbite. Although correctable, crossbites left untreated can result in stratification of the teeth and unnatural and misaligned jaw growth.


Overbites occur when a patient’s upper teeth extend forward farther than their lower set of teeth. Overbites are a common occurence and are treatable.


An openbite occurs when the top and bottom sets of teeth do not properly align, often resulting in improper chewing.

Dental Midlines not Matching

Dental midlines that do not match are evident when the rear teeth do not align properly when biting and chewing. Unmatching dental midlines have the potential to negatively impact jaw and proper dental function.